Clinical information


The TMJ Concepts Patient-Fitted TMJ Reconstruction Prosthesis System should not be used for patients with one or more of the following conditions:

  • Active or suspected infections in or about the implantation site
  • Uncontrollable masticatory muscle hyperfunction (clenching or grinding) which may lead to overload and loosening of screws
  • Known allergy to any of the component materials

Clinical data

A total of 279 patients (465 joints) were enrolled in a post-approval study in which clinical data was collected both pre-operatively (month 0) and post-operatively at various follow-up intervals out to 5 years (month 60). Based on previous clinical studies of TMJ patients, it was anticipated that a large number would become lost to follow-up. It was desired to have a cohort of at least 100 patients remaining at the 5-year evaluation time point, therefore a significantly larger number of patients were enrolled in the study. Clinical data was obtained out to 5 years on a final cohort of 128 patients (204 joints). Pre-operative data and post-operative follow-up data were collected using a standardized data collection format. Subjective data related to pain, function of the lower jaw, and diet were obtained using a 55mm length visual analogue scale. The pain scale ranged from "no pain" at 0mm to "severest pain" at 55mm. The function scale ranged from "no loss" at 0mm to "cannot function" at 55mm. The diet scale ranged from "no restriction" at 0mm to "liquids only" at 55mm. Subjective data was also collected by asking each patient how their current quality of life compared to before they received their TMJ implants. Objective measurements of mandibular range of motion were made directly on the patients. These measurements, recorded in millimeters, included maximum interincisal opening and left and right excursion. Results are shown for only the month 0 and month 60 evaluation time points as clinical data was not available for each patient at every intermediate follow-up interval. These clinical data show a statistically significant decrease in pain, increase in function, decrease in diet restrictions, and increase in maximum interincisal opening. A summary of the quality of life responses at month 60 is also shown.

Pain Measurement Improvement at 5 Years
(scale: 0mm = "no pain" to 55mm = "severest pain")

Month Mean (mm) S.D. (mm)
0 39.0 13.4
60 18.3 15.9

Function Measurement Improvement at 5 Years
(scale: 0mm = "no loss" to 55mm = "cannot function")

Month Mean (mm) S.D. (mm)
0 36.4 13.0
60 17.9 13.8

Diet Measurement Improvement at 5 Years
(scale: 0mm = "no restriction" to 55mm = "liquids only")

Month Mean (mm) S.D. (mm)
0 32.4 14.2
60 14.7 13.4

MIO Measurement Increase at 5 Years

Month Mean (mm) S.D. (mm)
0 25.0 11.2
60 33.4 9.2

Summary of Quality of Life Responses at 5 Years
How does your current quality of life compare to before you received your TMJ implants?

Response Percentage of Patients
Much Better 52.3%
Better 25.8%
Same 7.8%
Worse 12.5%
Much Worse 1.6%

Several of the patients enrolled in the post-approval study that were not included in the final cohort of 128 patients had adverse events reported prior to their becoming lost to follow up or being removed from the study for another reason. The adverse event data presented below includes events reported for any of the 279 initially enrolled patients.

These types of adverse events and the rate at which they occurred as well as the quality of life responses shown above are not unexpected in this compromised patient population with many previous surgeries involving failed tissue grafts and/or failed implants from other manufacturers which may leave behind material particulates.

Adverse Events Resulting in Additional Surgery

Category Patients (n=279) Joints (n=465)
No. % No. %
Chronic or recurring pain and/or swelling 4 1.4% 4 0.9%
Infection 3 1.1% 3 0.6%
Dislocation of implant components 2 0.7% 3 0.6%
Performation or dehiscence of surrounding tissues 2 0.7% 2 0.4%
Loosening 2 0.7% 2 0.4%
Material sensitivity (reaction to implant components) 1 0.4% 2 0.4%
Malocclusion 1 0.4% 1 0.2%
Total 15 5.4% 17 3.7%
  1. TMJ Concepts Sterile Implant IFU
  2. TMJ Patient Brochure
Important information

Potential risks of the procedure

Adverse events include worsening of TMJ symptoms, operative difficulties, chronic or reoccuring swelling, jaw muscle spasms, temporary and/or permanent facial muscle weakness, temporary and/or permanent numbness, temporary and/or permanent hearing loss, dental malocclusion, dislocation of implant components, resorption of the glenoid fossa or mandible, perforation or dehiscence of surrounding tissue, allergic reaction, post-operative pain, swelling, bruising, jaw muscle spasm, hematoma formation, and nerve pain.

Please see Instructions for Use (IFU) for a complete listing of warnings, precautions, and adverse events. 1, 2

More information


The information presented is for educational purposes only. Stryker is not dispensing medical advice. Please speak to your doctor to decide what course of treatment is right for you. Only your doctor can make the medical judgement regarding which products and treatments are right for you. Any medical procedure carries certain risks, and your doctor will explain all possible complications and/or side effects. Not all patients will experience the same results.

Stryker Corporation or its other divisions or other corporate affiliated entities own, use or have applied for the following trademarks or service marks: Stryker. All other trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners or holders.


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